Causes of the Second Great Awakening? Characteristics of this period include widespread conversions, increased church activity, social activism, and the emergence of new Christian denominations. The second Great Awakening was a Protestant revival movement in the United States during the 19th Century. The Methodist Church used circuit ridersto reach people in frontier locations. What was the Second Great Awakening?The Second Great Awakening was prompted by falling interest in religion when people were excited about the innovations of the Industrial Revolution and the rapid expansion of U.S. territories, particularly in the west. As a result, church attendance increased during the first half of the nineteenth century. ...The Second Great Awakening was a revival movement that had occurred in the 1730s with the goal of creating a Protestant creed that would maintain the idea of Christian community in a period of rapid individualism and competition. Key Terms Methodists : A movement of Protestant Christianity represented by a number of denominations and organizations, claiming a total of approximately 70 million adherents worldwide; the movement traces its roots to John Wesley’s evangelistic revival movement within Anglicanism. Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this answer and thousands more. The revivals attracted women, Blacks, and Native Americans. The Second Great Awakening was extremely important as it led to the establishment of reform movements to address injustices and alleviate suffering such as the Temperance Movement, the Women's suffrage Movement and the Abolitionist Movement in which people advocated for emancipation on religious grounds. The revivals encouraged people to return to God. http://www.teachushistory.org/second-great-awakening-age-... How was the American reform movement influenced by religious beliefs? People realized that not everyone was truly equal and wanted to work to change it. Many churches experienced a great increase in membership, and the revival stimulated moral reforms, such as the temperance movement. Effects of the Second Great Awakening? The causes of the Second Great Awakening included the social disruptions of the Market Revolution, the democratization of … As our book mentions, the Second Great Awakening was “one of the most momentous episodes in the history of American religious. This Second Great Awakening, a reprise of the Great Awakening of the early 18th century, was marked by an emphasis on personal piety over schooling and theology. Resulted from powerful preaching that gave the listeners an impression of wide intimate epiphany of their needs of salvation by Jesus Christ. The United States was rapidly expanding, both territorially and economically. Top subjects are History, Law and Politics, and Social Sciences, Top subjects are History, Literature, and Social Sciences, Latest answer posted January 06, 2020 at 1:22:46 AM, Latest answer posted August 18, 2018 at 12:54:45 PM, Latest answer posted April 10, 2012 at 11:09:05 PM, Latest answer posted February 15, 2016 at 3:30:45 AM, Latest answer posted April 08, 2020 at 8:32:36 PM. Perhaps the most helpful way to begin understanding it is by emphasizing how different the dominant strains of Protestantism in 1850 were from those of the 1700s. Many people in the U.S. were convinced to more actively dedicate their lives to God and to live in a godly manner. The Market Revolution changed the way many Americans lived, worked, and consumed things. The Second Great Awakening (1790–1840) was a time of evangelical fervor and revival in the newly formed nation of America. ©2020 eNotes.com, Inc. All Rights Reserved, Last Updated by eNotes Editorial on May 5, 2020. The Second Great Awakening was caused by the separation of church and state, industrialism, and western expansion, which are all outside factors, ultimately showing that the Second Great Awakening’s purpose was to change personal life in order to fit rapidly changing America. Top subjects are Literature, History, and Social Sciences. The Second Great Awakening, which started in the late eighteenth century and lasted until the middle of the nineteenth century, was a conservative response to what many felt was a … Educators go through a rigorous application process, and every answer they submit is reviewed by our in-house editorial team. Of government commitment to new standards of personal morality to new Protestant denominations reform movements SETS by this.! The same religion but it caused for the church to become boring resulted powerful! By 50 % for our End-of-Year sale—Join Now ( 1790–1840 ) was a time of fervor! 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