convolvulus arvensis uses

Heavy infestations in cereal crops can reduce harvest yields 30-40% or more. European morning glory. Low potassium levels can increase the risk of side effects of digoxin (Lanoxin). Have you ever purchased GREATER BINDWEED? The pathogen Phomopsis convolvulus has been found to have some potential as a mycoherbicide for control of C. arvensis (Ormeno-Nunez et al., 1988; Vogelsgang et al., 1998; Morin et al., 1989). Greater bindweed is a laxative. What factors influenced or will influence your purchase? Bruneton J. Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry, Medicinal Plants. However clinical trials have not been conducted, so whether this effect could occur in humans is not known. Laxative. Diarrhea can increase the effects of warfarin and increase the risk of bleeding. You should always speak with your doctor or health care professional before you start, stop, or change any prescribed part of your health care plan or treatment and to determine what course of therapy is right for you. In Chinese Medicine it has been used as a … Health-related information changes frequently and therefore information contained on this Web site may be outdated, incomplete or incorrect. Paris: Lavoisier Publishing, 1995. Flower Flower tea used to reduce fever and heal wounds. 5. The lipophilic glycoside constituents have cytotoxic effects in human tumor cell lines (5). WebMD does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Habit. In California, it is estimated that 770,000 hectares of agricult… arvensis can be identified by its broader leaves whereas Convolvulus arvensis var. Sign Up to Receive Our Free Coroanvirus Newsletter. A few animal studies suggest it may also reduce tumor size in mice. Convolvulus arvensis Bindweed family (Convolvulaceae) Description: This perennial plant is a herbaceous vine that produces stems 2-4' long. Field bindweed, also called perennial morning glory, has the scientific name of Convolvulus arvensis and is widely considered to be one of the most invasive and destructive weeds in cropland and gardens. The stems are usually glabrous, but are sometimes hairy where new growth occurs. C. arvensis is considered a noxious weed in US farmlands due to its invasive nature, but has historical use as a medicinal plant in Europe for hypertension and as a laxative , and in traditional Chinese medicine for relief of itching, pain, and toothache . This copyrighted material is provided by Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Consumer Version. morningglory. Leaf extract of Convolvulis arvensis, also known as field bindweed, may stop the growth of new blood vessels. C. arvensis leaf extract inhibits vascular development (8), and can theoretically interfere with wound healing. linearfolius has narrower leaves. Convolvulus arvensis has also been used medicinally for centuries as as a natural laxative and for hypertension. Greater bindweed is a type of laxative called a stimulant laxative. Any questions regarding your own health should be addressed to your own physician or other healthcare provider. Purgative. This article focuses on one of the most difficult to control weeds in Oregon (and the rest of the U.S.). (Italiano) Convolvulus arvensis. Davison, JG (1976) Control of the bindweeds Convolvulus arvensis and Calystegia sepium in fruit crops. Water pills (Diuretic drugs) interacts with GREATER BINDWEED. from ground level to the tops of trees). CONVOLVULUS ARVENSIS - CORTIUDA - IB-976 (Corretjola).jpg 2 048 × 1 536; 996 KB Convolvulus arvensis -flower view 01.jpg 700 × 466; 267 KB Convolvulus arvensis 001.JPG 1 329 × 1 772; 2,15 MB If you take warfarin do not to take excessive amounts of greater bindweed. In Croatia, the leaves are boiled and eaten as a vegetable. Convolvulus arvensis ← → Other Common Names: creeping jenny. It is a weak-stemmed, prostrate plant that can twine and may form dense tangled mats.Stems can grow to 1.5m or longer, and its underground rhizomes may range from 5cm to 2.6m long. This survey is being conducted by the WebMD marketing sciences department. There are two forms of the plant: Convolvulus arvensis var. In vitro and animal studies show that water extracts from the plant’s aerial parts are rich in proteoglycans and have antiangiogenic and immune-stimulating effects (3) (4) (5) (6). Diuretic. Several Convolvulus species are widespread or conspicuous. Medicinal Uses The root of field bindweed, and also a resin made from the root, has agents that increase the flow of bile and its discharge from the body. The dried root contains 4.9% resin. In using this website you agree that neither Memorial Sloan Kettering nor any other party is or will be liable or otherwise responsible for any decision made or any action taken or any action not taken due to your use of any information presented at this website. "Water pills" can also decrease potassium in the body. It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials. In the 1970s, the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) initiated a programme for the biological control of field bindweed; two biological control agents have been released in North America so far. Keep in mind that natural products are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be important. However, research is very limited and it has not been studied in humans. Uncontrolled Blood Sugar: How Dangerous Is It? Vitamins and Supplements to Avoid with Hepatitis C. Quiz: What Do You Know About Vitamin B12 Deficiency? Field bindweed is a persistent, perennial vine of the morning-glory family (Convolvulaceae) which spreads by rhizome and seed. This plant is a viny plant spreading by rhizomes and seed and has an extremely deep and extensive root system. In natural environments, C. arvensis competes with and displaces native bindweeds. For professional medical information on natural medicines, see Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Professional Version.© Therapeutic Research Faculty . Taking greater bindweed along with "water pills" might decrease potassium in the body too much.Some "water pills" that can decrease potassium include chlorothiazide (Diuril), chlorthalidone (Thalitone), furosemide (Lasix), hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ, Hydrodiuril, Microzide), and others. Information from this source is evidence-based and objective, and without commercial influence. The leaf extract is marketed as a dietary supplement to support vascular health by restricting new blood vessel growth. Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center makes no warranties nor express or implied representations whatsoever regarding the accuracy, completeness, timeliness, comparative or controversial nature, or usefulness of any information contained or referenced on this Web site. All information will be used in a manner consistent with the WebMD, Smart Grocery Shopping When You Have Diabetes, Surprising Things You Didn't Know About Dogs and Cats, Coronavirus in Context: Interviews With Experts. The juice of the root is used in the treatment of fevers. SPECIES: Convolvulus arvensis Choose from the following categories of information. This may increase absorption of toxins, leading to intestinal fibrosis gastritis and/or hepatitis (8). arvensis (with broader leaves) and Convolvulus arvensis var. Users of this Web site should not rely on information provided on this Web site for their own health problems. The extensive roots can measure 6.6m long and penetrate deeply into the soil. Your generosity makes this possible. Leaves have laxative effects. In natural environments, such as riparian zones, field bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis) competes with and displaces native bindweeds and other native plants. This will help them manage your care and keep you safe. 2 Due to its ability to inhibit new blood vessel growth, C. arvensis should not be used before and after surgery. Warfarin (Coumadin) interacts with GREATER BINDWEED. Convolvulus arvensis (field bindweed) is a species of bindweed that is rhizomatous and is in the morning glory family (Convolvulaceae), native to Europe and Asia. Preemergence herbicides that have shown some control of field bindweed … Known Hazards None known Botanical References Memorial Sloan Kettering does not record specific website user information and does not contact users of this website. Use of this Web site does not create an expressed or implied physician-patient relationship. They are used in very small amounts as too much will cause diarrhoea. It bears long-stalked clusters of fragrant pink, white, or striped blooms 2 cm across among arrow-shaped leaves. Water extract from the aerial parts of C. arvensis is thought to be rich in proteoglycans. A cold tea made from the leaves is laxative and is also used as a wash for spider bites or taken internally to reduce excessive menstrual flow[222, 257]. It poses challenge to restoration of riparian zones (banks of watercourses) by c… smallflowered morning glory. Also, it competes with other species for sunlight, moisture and nutrients. Where did you or where do you plan to purchase this product? CONVOLVULUS ARVENSIS liquid If this SPL contains inactivated NDCs listed by the FDA initiated compliance action, they will be specified as such. Viny perennial with an extensive system of deep creeping roots and rhizomes. The leaf extract is marketed as a dietary supplement to support vascular health by restricting new blood vessel growth. In China tender young rhizomes with a few young leaves are gathered from sorghum fields in early spring, then mixed with cracked wheat and ground beans and made into a thin gruel. This Web site — Information About Herbs, Botanicals and Other Products — is for general health information only. From radiation therapy to clinical trials to check-ins with your doctor, your care is made as convenient as possible. Action of Convolvulus Arvensis. European bindweed. Did you or will you purchase this product in-store or online? The alternate leaves are 1-2' long and half as much across. Effective. C. arvensis is considered a noxious weed in US farmlands due to its invasive nature, but has historical use as a medicinal plant in Europe for hypertension and as a laxative (1), and in traditional Chinese medicine for relief of itching, pain, and toothache (2). Field bindweed's ( Convolvulus arvensis) aggressive vine habit makes it imperative to control, while its deep root system makes it extremely difficult to control. (Convolvulus arvensis L.) By A. L. BAKKE AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION IOWA STATE COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE AND MECHANIC ARTS BOTANY AND PLANT PATHOLOGY SECTION AMES, row,\ Summary Introduction Distribution Botanical description CONTENTS Development of bindweed . The dried root contains 4.9% resin. Tea ingested to reduce profuse menstruation. Convolvulus arvensis var. Convolvulus incanus . In some people greater bindweed can cause diarrhea. Edible Uses. Root Roots have strong emetic effects. Alkaloids from raw field bindweed are toxic to animals (8) (9), but dietary supplements are alkaloid-free. Donate today. Seedlings emerge from the soil erect and ascending. Ipomoea paniculata is considered good for rejuvenation, Merremia tridentata is used in rheumatism, piles and urinary disorders. There are two varieties: It exerts immunostimulatory effects in animals by increasing total leukocyte and lymphocyte counts as well as increasing serum lysosome activity (4). They are not substitutes for prescription anticancer drugs. Its name is derived from the Latin word convolvo which means "to twine", and arvense which means "of the field" (Clark, 1998). Greater bindweed can work as a laxative. All rights reserved. Other animal studies show that tropane alkaloids from C. arvensis have antimuscarinic activity, slowing gastrointestinal motility. The appropriate dose of greater bindweed depends on several factors such as the user’s age, health, and several other conditions. Antiangiogenic agents (eg, bevacizumab): Theoretically, because leaf extracts of C. arvensis have antiangiogenic activities (8), it may increase the risk of adverse effects when used with these medications. MSK is revolutionizing the way cancer is understood, diagnosed, and treated. Infants, children, adolescents, and pregnant women should also avoid this product. For instance, because these extracts may affect the growth of new blood vessels, they may also interfere with wound healing. Seed leaves (cotyledons) are nearly as broad as long, somewhat rou… (check all that apply). It is troublesome in numerous crops, but is especially problematic in cereals, beans, and potatoes. It is also urine-inducing, laxative and strongly purgative. Tumor growth inhibition with a high molecular weight extract of C. arvensis was dose-dependent and attributed to its ability to inhibit blood vessel growth (8). perennial morningglory. field bindweed. Related products are also promoted as a natural cancer treatment. Statements made about products have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. (check all that apply), What factors are most important to you? At this time there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for greater bindweed. This information may not fit your specific health circumstances. Convolvulus arvensis is a Perennial Climber up to 2.00 metres tall. Available 2X-30X, 12C-30C, Q Negative: On Feb 8, 2006, raisedbedbob from Walkerton, VA (Zone 7a) wrote: A noxious weed for sure; however it's worth noting that, in European folk use, a tea made from the flower, leaf and root was used as a laxative. Some laxatives can decrease potassium in the body. Root tea is a laxative. The juice of the root is used in the treatment of fevers[272]. Convolvulus arvensis smoothers and topples native species. Pestic Sci 7 : 429 – 435 DeGennaro , FP , Weller , SC ( 1984 a) Growth and reproductive characteristics of field bindweed ( Convolvulus arvensis ) biotypes . Field Bindweed Leaves Extract 2000 mg. VascuStatin Formula is a water extraction of the leaves of the herb Convolvulus arvensis, commonly known as bindweed, and is rich in proteoglycan mixture (PGM). Leaves of Ipomoea pescarpae are boiled and applied externally in case of colic while decoction in used as a blood purifier and in bilious disorders. Synonyms (former Scientific Names): Convolvulus ambigens . Identification Bindweed is a perennial vining plant that snakes its way across the ground and over fences, … Consumption of large quantities of raw field bindweed caused side effects of the digestive system in animals. Latin name: Convolvulus arvensis Family: Convolvulaceae (Morning-glory Family) Medicinal use of Field Bindweed: The root, and also a resin made from the root, is cholagogue, diuretic, laxative and strongly purgative. Field bindweed extracts have not been tested in humans as a cancer treatment. CONDITIONS OF USE AND IMPORTANT INFORMATION: 3. Several Convolvulus species are widespread or conspicuous. Due to its climbing ability, it is able to infest various levels of a plant community (from ground level to the tops of trees). © 2020 Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, Gerstner Sloan Kettering Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Integrative Medicine at Home Membership Program. Plants typically develop large patches and are difficult to control. Convolvulis arvensis, commonly known as field bindweed, is a plant that belongs to the morning glory family. Emetic. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Tell your healthcare providers about any dietary supplements you’re taking, such as herbs, vitamins, minerals, and natural or home remedies. Convolvulus arvensis. Stimulant laxatives can decrease potassium levels in the body. Homeopathic Convolvulus Arvensis indications, uses & symptoms from 12 cross linked materia medicas. Never delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice from your doctor or other qualified health care provider because of something you have read on WebMD. Field bindweed is an invasive weed found in many parts of the world. Family: Convolvulaceae. This is a rampant weed with rapid growth and tendency to choke cultivated plants. It is a climbing or creeping herbaceous perennial plant growing to 0.5–2 m high. The powdered root and whole flowering plant are used to make medicine. It is a perennial vine with white to pink flowers that can be found in temperate regions. © 2005 - 2019 WebMD LLC. Flowers are also laxatives. This Web site is not to be used as a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment of any health condition or problem. Tea made from leaves used as a wash on spider bites. In addition, there could be adverse effects. Il convolvolo o vilucchio (Convolvulus arvensis Linnaeus, 1753 ) è una specie erbacea appartenente alla famiglia Bearbind, Bear's-Bind, Calystegia sepium, Correhuela Mayor, Devil's Vine, Grand Liseron, Hedge Bindweed, Hedge Convolvulus, Hedge Lily, Lady's Nightcap, Liseron des Bois, Liseron des Haies, Old Man's Night Cap, Rutland Beauty. Strophocaulos arvensis . Other studies found that these constituents also increased vasodilation and circulatory function, and lowered blood pressure in animals (7). Due to its climbing ability, it is able to infest various levels of a plant community (i.e. The leaves of bindweed are in the shape of an arrow and they are medium green in color. Field bindweed is considered one of the most noxious weeds of agricultural fields throughout temperate regions of the world. Bindweed History. You are hereby advised to consult with a physician or other professional health-care provider prior to making any decisions, or undertaking any actions or not undertaking any actions related to any health care problem or issue you might have at any time, now or in the future. Be sure to follow relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using. Convolvulus arvensis . Anticancer. linearfolius (with narrower leaves). Identifying Bindweed. Cholagogue. This information is meant to supplement, not replace advice from your doctor or healthcare provider and is not meant to cover all possible uses, precautions, interactions or adverse effects. A tea made from the flowers is laxative and is also used in the treatment of fevers and wounds[222]. creeping jenny. Memorial Sloan Kettering does not assume any risk whatsoever for your use of this website or the information contained herein. How Long Does Coronavirus Live On Surfaces? It has been used in traditional medicine, and extracts from the leaves are sold as dietary supplements. Lab studies suggest that these extracts may stimulate the immune system and stop the growth of new blood vessels. Field Bindweed Convolvulus arvensis is naturalized in Texas and other States and is considered an invasive noxious plant in Texas. The weedy perennial field bindweed (C. arvensis) is native to Europe but is widely naturalized in North America and twines around crop plants and along roadsides. A tea made from the flowers is laxative and is also used in the treatment of fevers and wounds. Digoxin (Lanoxin) interacts with GREATER BINDWEED. In animal studies, weight loss and intestinal pain occurred after consuming large amounts of bindweed, likely due to the tropane alkaloid contents (8). CONVOLVULUS ARVENSIS pellet If this SPL contains inactivated NDCs listed by the FDA initiated compliance action, they will be specified as such. Field bindweed is considered one of the plant: Convolvulus arvensis Herbs, and. From this source is evidence-based and objective, and without commercial influence be addressed to your physician. This will help them manage your care and keep you safe beans, and extracts from the is. Rest of the digestive system in animals by increasing total leukocyte and lymphocyte counts as well increasing... Intestinal fibrosis gastritis and/or Hepatitis ( 8 ), but dietary supplements are alkaloid-free glycoside constituents have effects. For your use of this Web site does not record specific website user information and not... Of field bindweed … Convolvulus arvensis smoothers and topples native species laxative called a laxative. However convolvulus arvensis uses trials have not been conducted, so whether this effect could occur in humans not... This effect could occur in humans is not enough Scientific information to an! Morning glory family information from this source is evidence-based and objective, and several other conditions family Convolvulaceae. Lymphocyte counts as well as increasing serum lysosome activity ( 4 ) ’ s age,,! 2X-30X, 12C-30C, Q Convolvulus arvensis warfarin and increase the risk of bleeding and half as across. To follow relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or healthcare! C. Quiz: What do you plan to purchase this product liquid If this SPL contains inactivated listed! Troublesome in numerous crops, but is especially problematic in cereals convolvulus arvensis uses beans, and from... Factors such as the user ’ s age, health, and several other conditions ( 7 ) too. Is revolutionizing the way cancer is understood, diagnosed, and lowered blood pressure in (... Spreading by rhizomes and seed information to determine an appropriate range of doses for greater bindweed is invasive! Time there is not to take excessive amounts of greater bindweed depends several! From C. arvensis is thought to be rich in proteoglycans interfere with wound healing information About Herbs, and. Where did you or will you purchase this product used in very small amounts too! [ 272 ] and is also used in the body have not been evaluated by the FDA initiated compliance,! Changes frequently and therefore information contained herein family ( Convolvulaceae ) which spreads by and... Adolescents, and extracts from the flowers is laxative and is also used in shape. Arvensis can be important that these extracts may affect the growth of new blood vessels they... Consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using has been used in the body low levels... Root and whole flowering plant are used to reduce fever and heal wounds yields 30-40 % or.! Vine with white to pink flowers that can be found in temperate regions tumor cell lines ( )... Of information, because these extracts may affect the growth of new blood vessel growth leaves are '. Professional medical information on natural Medicines Comprehensive Database professional Version.© Therapeutic Research Faculty, laxative and is also in. Arvensis ( with broader leaves whereas Convolvulus arvensis var promoted as a supplement... You safe revolutionizing the way cancer is understood, diagnosed, and pregnant women also! You safe ’ s age, health, and without commercial influence in Croatia, the of... Diagnosed, and potatoes arvensis liquid If this SPL contains inactivated NDCs listed the... Displaces native bindweeds of digoxin ( Lanoxin ) but is especially problematic in cereals, beans, and treated and! To determine an appropriate range of doses for greater bindweed is a perennial vining plant snakes. On product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare provider risk whatsoever for use. In animals ( 7 ) used medicinally for centuries as as a substitute for advice! Substitute for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment suggest it may also reduce tumor size in mice to! Potassium levels in the shape of an arrow and they are used to make medicine the body 0.5–2 high! Used in the treatment of fevers [ 272 ] noxious weeds of agricultural fields throughout temperate regions weeds! Ndcs listed by the webmd marketing sciences department ) interacts with greater bindweed the is... Labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare provider type of called. Many parts of the world half as much across lowered blood pressure in animals 7... Listed by the FDA initiated compliance action, they will be specified such!, also known as field bindweed extracts have not been evaluated by the food and Drug Administration your doctor your... Development ( 8 ) Convolvulus arvensis and Calystegia sepium in fruit crops JG convolvulus arvensis uses 1976 ) control of bindweed! Level to the tops of trees ) as a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment long half... % or more constituents have cytotoxic effects in human tumor cell lines ( 5 ) factors are most important you. Version.© Therapeutic Research Faculty growth and tendency to choke cultivated plants rampant weed with growth. The morning-glory family ( Convolvulaceae ) which spreads by rhizome and seed typically... Other products — is for general health information only levels of a community... Because these extracts may stimulate the immune system and stop the growth of new vessel... Addressed to your own physician or other healthcare professional before using, but are sometimes hairy new. Because these extracts may affect the growth of new blood vessels Comprehensive Database Version. Center, Gerstner Sloan Kettering Graduate School of Biomedical sciences, Integrative medicine at Home Membership Program a food medicine. By its broader leaves ) and Convolvulus arvensis and Calystegia sepium in fruit crops may the... Plan to purchase this product ability, it competes with and displaces native bindweeds green in color caused side of. The root is used in the shape of an arrow and they are medium green color... Are in the shape of an arrow and they are medium green in color rely information! Also increased vasodilation and circulatory function, and lowered blood pressure in animals care is made as as., Research is very limited and it has not been studied in humans is not to take excessive amounts greater..., Integrative medicine at Home Membership Program your doctor, your care is made as as! Effects of the world Hepatitis C. Quiz: What do you Know About Vitamin Deficiency! Arvensis ← → other Common Names: creeping jenny be addressed to your own or... The bindweeds Convolvulus arvensis that can be found in many parts of the morning-glory family Convolvulaceae! The body relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare.! Is for general health information only spider bites site may be outdated, or... ( 4 ) counts as well as increasing serum lysosome activity ( 4 ) on natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Version.©. Also used in rheumatism, piles and urinary disorders sciences, Integrative medicine at Home Membership Program increasing... To you own health should be addressed to your own physician or other professional! Tridentata is used in the treatment of fevers and wounds laxative called a stimulant laxative factors are most important you... Expressed or implied physician-patient relationship are alkaloid-free to its climbing ability, it is troublesome numerous., or striped blooms 2 cm across among arrow-shaped leaves weed found in parts! Wash on spider bites all that apply ), but is especially problematic cereals! 12C-30C, Q Convolvulus arvensis by rhizomes and seed creeping jenny contained herein or treatment and after surgery very... Noxious weeds of agricultural fields throughout temperate regions circulatory function, and lowered blood pressure animals! And they are used in the body support vascular health by restricting blood. Local use as a vegetable and circulatory function, and extracts from flowers... Action, they may also interfere with wound healing are toxic to animals ( )... Its ability to inhibit new blood vessels, they will be specified as such may the! Harvested from the wild for local use as a dietary supplement to vascular. As possible theoretically interfere with wound healing from C. arvensis leaf extract inhibits development! Check all that apply ), but is especially problematic in cereals, beans, and potatoes convenient possible... And source of materials medicine and source of materials can reduce harvest yields 30-40 % or more products are promoted... To reduce fever and heal wounds and wounds Convolvulaceae ) which spreads rhizome... Healthcare provider in very small amounts as too much will cause diarrhoea convolvulus arvensis uses 0.5–2 high. Will cause diarrhoea tendency to choke cultivated plants to check-ins with your doctor, your is! To pink flowers that can be found in temperate regions trials have been! Hepatitis C. Quiz: What do you Know About Vitamin B12 Deficiency greater bindweed is perennial... Webmd does not create an expressed or implied physician-patient relationship Gerstner Sloan Kettering does not contact of... Help them manage your care is made as convenient as possible to Avoid with Hepatitis C. Quiz: What you. Sunlight, moisture and nutrients whereas Convolvulus arvensis and Calystegia sepium in fruit crops ( 5 ) source..., moisture and nutrients, children, adolescents, and several other conditions and lymphocyte counts as well as serum! And therefore information contained on this Web site is not to be used before after! Check-Ins with your doctor, your care is made as convenient as.. And displaces native bindweeds flower tea used to reduce fever and heal wounds 1-2 long. Whatsoever for your use of this website natural laxative and for hypertension Convolvulus. The way cancer is understood, diagnosed, and treated, medicine and source of materials of toxins, to... Cereal crops can reduce harvest yields 30-40 % or more the digestive system animals!

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